The opinions expressed in this editorial are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Decima Reports. As we speculated in the last issue of CNM, there is a growing feeling of optimism about Canada’s copyright reform process, thanks to proposals made this month in Ottawa to change the Copyright Act. There are notes of discord, but the general tenor of the debate has been elevated from previous name-calling.  That’s not to say that the various stakeholders are ready to hold hands and leap trustingly into the legislative process. As noted in our lead story, we’ve seen carefully crafted compromises fall apart at the last minute before, despite months of work by the departments to find common ground and win general approval before going to Third Reading.  The retransmission issue in Canada was bitterly contested, and pit broadcasters, the film industry and other copyright holders against ISPs, public interest groups and entrepreneurs anxious to exploit the existing legal landscape to craft new business models.  Legislation that would have permitted Internet retransmission was about to go to clause-by-clause debate at the Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage, with a provision for study of the issue by the CRTC, when Canadian Heritage and Industry Canada announced in early summer that they would create an Internet carve-out.  The “change in approach” as Heritage officials characterized the about-face was sudden, but surprised no one. Throughout the period of compromise leading to the now-defunct proposal to allow some  Internet retransmission, subject to CRTC approval, powerful copyright interests in the U.S., including the National Association of Broadcasters, were busy lobbying for stronger measures to shut down the likes of JumpTV and iCraveTV.  The current compromise proposals on the table have been much longer in the making, and all parties have had ample time to make their views known, so there is a possibility the government’s agenda might stick.  The current standing committee is also completely new, with the likes of Marlene Catterall, Charlie Angus, Bev Oda and others who bring unique qualifications to address the issue, and who won’t be easily swayed from crafting legislation that does the best possible job of achieving a balance.