The opinions expressed in this editorial are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Decima Reports. One story that didn’t make into this issue of Network Letter was that competition has arrived in the business sector in certain markets across the country.  The news, out of the CRTC, was that competitors have stolen at least 10% and up to 25% market share away from the incumbent telephone companies in 15 cities. For example, TELUS lost 6.4% market share in Calgary alone, dropping from 84.1% to 77.7%.  This should be considered a watershed moment in the history of Canadian telecommunications competition: incumbents are finally facing sustainable competition. Why aren’t we celebrating then, giving the CRTC the credit it deserves for implementing rules that have finally begun to pay off? Because the competition to incumbents isn’t coming from new entrants, it’s coming from other incumbents’ out-of-territory operations. In essence Bell is gaining ground in Alberta and British Columbia; TELUS outside of those two provinces; and MTS Allstream is every part of the country, except Manitoba.  When we look at the numbers contained in the CRTC’s 2004 assessment of the state of competition in telecom, it shows the big two incumbents – Bell and TELUS – as well as MTS are doing a good job garnering business outside of their operating territories. We can only hope that continues so Canadian businesses have a choice of suppliers.  But the numbers also reveal that independent competitors – those not linked to an ILEC – are nearing extinction. Only Call-Net Enterprises remains, now part of the Rogers Communications family operating under the Rogers Telecom banner.  If this is the new reality of telecom competition in Canada, then should we still be celebrating?