The opinions expressed in this editorial are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Decima Reports.  Looking back at 2005 and forward into 2006, it is safe to say that these are exciting times in the Canadian telecommunications industry. Last year, we saw a handful of key decisions from the CRTC that were designed to further the goal of promoting facilities-based competition.  This year, however, we could see the dismantling of much of the hard work that the commission undertook to better the fortunes of competitors.  The Telecommunications Policy Review Panel (TPRP) is expected to release its final report and recommendations on modernizing the Canadian telecommunications and policy framework after a new federal Cabinet is formed. It was to have released its recommendations at the end of last year. It’s unlikely the TPRP will recommend the status quo, so we can certainly expect changes coming out of its report.  New rules regarding local service forbearance, expected to be released by the end of the first quarter, will be put to the test by incumbent telephone companies. Aliant Telecom will be the first to benefit from the new regulations; the carrier will certainly be price-deregulated in parts or all of Halifax and Charlottetown resulting from EastLink’s hold on significant market share.  The increasingly substantial market share that cable companies will gain in telephony will also raise questions about the continued appropriateness of the VoIP rules. Depending on which party secures power in Ottawa on January 23, the current regime could come under considerable scrutiny and ultimately face a complete overhaul.  A first step in addressing what appears to be a growing inequity in VoIP regulation could be a CRTC ruling on the winback rules. With comments on the Bell Canada et al. application ended, we will have to wait to see what happens and when.