The opinions expressed in this editorial are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Decima Reports.It’s no small task to create legislation that can adequately protect the rights of digital media developers and creators, while simultaneously ensuring the rights of private citizens to make legitimate use – including copying – of the works they’ve purchased.  But consultation on how best to "modernize" the Copyright Act has been underway since 1988 – a scant three years after the current act was passed. By any definition, it’s time to solidify what copyright means in a 21st-century Canadian context. Unforunately for the Conservatives, they’ll have to carry the can for more than 15 years of inaction. There are some hints as to where the current government’s collective head is at. NDP member of Parliament Charlie Angus believes that Minister Oda’s recent statement that the current government "understands the need for access to works of educational value and for clear and fair rules for using this material" means an exemption for educational use is in the works. That’s something that the provincial ministers of education have been pushing for since last year (CNM, Sept. 30/05). Other aspects of the copyright reform process will continue to be dictated by our international obligations, including the 1996 WIPO treaties. However, those obligations might stand at odds with public opinion on issues such as technological protection measures and digital rights management. The average Canadian likely will have little time for any law that protects potentially harmful software applications created and distributed in the name of copyright protection. As daunting as the role is, the government must persevere. If we cannot come to an agreement on how copyright matters should be governed in this era of digital communications, the quandaries we face today will worsen when we wake up tomorrow.