The U.S. Federal Communications Commission said in a new report to Congress last week that “ensuring an active competitive marketplace must remain a key imperative.” The FCC emphasized the importance of competition in its conclusion to a 300-page report to Congress on the state of competition in the U.S. mobile wireless sector during 2009 and 2010. The report, released June 27, for the first time examined competition across the “entire mobile wireless ecosystem, including an analysis of the 'upstream' and 'downstream' market segments, such as spectrum, infrastructure, devices, and applications," the FCC said. But the report did not draw any conclusions about whether the U.S. Marketplace is “effectively competitive.” Instead, it “provided an analysis and description of the ... industry’s competitive metrics and trends,” the report said. “here has continued to be a marked shift from voice to data within the industry, as consumers have dramatically increased their use of mobile data services and applications, and their adoption of data-centric devices,” the FCC said. “With this transformation to data, promoting and ensuring an active competitive marketplace must remain a key imperative for the Commission. The increased demand for mobile data is contributing to the spectrum crunch, and a gap between mobile broadband network deployment in rural and urban areas persists.” The report comes as U.S. telecom giant AT&T aims to become the largest wireless provider in the country through an agreement to acquire T-Mobile for $39 billion US.