One-fifth of bring-your-own-device (BYOD) programs globally will fail by 2016 because of restrictive mobile-device management measures, research company Gartner Inc. said Monday. Ken Dulaney, analyst and vice-president at Gartner, said in a release that “the use of consumer technologies in the work environment presents a threat to IT control-of-endpoint computing resources.” He added that many IT organizations will put strong controls in place on mobile devices. “Employees are becoming sensitive to giving IT organizations access to personal devices, so they are demanding solutions that isolate personal content from business content and restrict the ability of the IT organization to access or change personal content and applications,” Gartner said in the release. Gartner also said that, through 2018, fewer than 0.01 per cent of consumer mobile applications “will be considered a financial success by their developers.” It said that consumers are trending toward relying on recommendation engines, friends, social networks and advertising to choose their apps, "rather than sorting through the thousands of mobile apps available." Dulaney said in the release: "The vast number of mobile apps may imply that mobile is a new revenue stream that will bring riches to many. However, our analysis shows that most mobile applications are not generating profits and that many mobile apps are not designed to generate revenue, but rather are used to build brand recognition and product awareness or are just for fun. Application designers who do not recognize this may find profits elusive."