An Innovation Canada consultation asking for comment about whether it should begin adjusting spectrum licence fees to keep up with the consumer price index has drawn opposition from BCE Inc., Rogers Communications Inc. and Telus Corp. Bell told ISED in its written comments that the industry pays $185 million annually in spectrum licence fees, \u201can amount far in excess of the cost of administering spectrum licences.\u201d In comparison, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States only collects half of that, it said. The company argued that increasing spectrum licence fees would mean less capital would be available for network builds at a time when companies are investing in 5G networks. Bell suggested that the fees should only increase on an annual basis if they\u2019re no longer able to cover the costs of managing spectrum. \u00a0 Rogers also argued that increasing \u201cthe already extremely high Canadian spectrum costs, amongst the highest in the world for both annual fees and acquisition costs, will have a negative impact on the affordability of wireless services to Canadians.\u201d It said ISED should adopt a model where fees are set based on covering administrative costs, similar to the one in place in the U.S. However, Saskatchewan Telecommunications Holding Corp. disagreed, saying that linking increases to the consumer price index -- a measure of inflation (or deflation) that over time tracks the average price of a basket of goods and services households purchase -- would provide a predictable fee model that would allow companies to budget and plan. Telus, meanwhile, focused its submission arguing that legislation covering service fee adjustments based on CPI doesn\u2019t apply to spectrum licence fees. The 2017 Service Fees Act requires federal departments to adjust their fees annually according to changes in CPI, beginning in the 2019-2020 fiscal year, ISED said in its consultation document.