The opinions expressed in this editorial are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Decima Reports.Now that comments in the deferral account proceeding are closed, the CRTC should allocate the money for the expansion of broadband networks in rural Canada. That is what most of the participants in the proceeding called on the commission to do. To do this the most efficiently, the CRTC must disregard proposals for fibre deployment in favour of wireless and satellite options.  Before the commission makes a final decision on how to best achieve its five objectives laid out in public notice 2004-1, it will have to strike an appropriate balance between the incumbent telephone companies’ desire to use the money paid to them by subscribers, and the need to expand broadband into rural Canada in the most cost-efficient manner. The CRTC should focus its attention on using wireless and satellite technologies to provide broadband to rural Canadian communities, an area where there is ample evidence of efficiency and cost effectiveness.   Despite the best efforts of Bell Canada and TELUS Communications to make a case for using the deferral account monies for DSL network expansion, their arguments simply don’t add up. As RipNet noted in its comments to the proceeding, the amount of money in Bell Canada’s deferral account by May 31, 2005 could be used to extend broadband service to a number of subscribers far greater than Bell Canada’s own estimate of 45,000 to 50,000.   Combine that with the fact that Bell Canada spent about $1.5 million on 138 licences in the 2300/3500 MHz spectrum auction this year, not including the 40 additional licences it secured in the residual auction this fall and more that it will likely acquire in the open residual auction next year.  These licences span the entire country from St. John’s to Vancouver, and the vast majority of those licences are in unserved and under-served regions. Not to single out Bell Canada, TELUS acquired some licences for its Quebec operations this year and is in the hunt for about 100 more licences.   The question before the commission really comes down to simple economics. Any proposal promoting fibre deployment or DSL footprint expansion should be disregarded immediately because wireless and satellite are cheaper to deploy, and that will allow the commission to achieve its five principal objectives.